The stacking robot consists of three parts: the actuation system, the drive mechanism and the control system. The hand is the component used to hold the workpiece (or tool) in place. It then has a variety of structural forms depending on the shape, size, quality, material and operational requirements of the object being gripped, making it easy for the user to use and work with.
The working principle of the stacking manipulator
The stacking manipulator is able to effectively complete the learning of various different rotational (oscillating), kinematic or composite movements in order to achieve the state-specified movement development as a way of constantly changing the position and posture of the object held. (e.g. lifting, extension and rotation of the motion management mechanism) are called degrees of freedom of the stacking robot. In order to grip objects with random position information during work, six degrees of freedom are required for adjustment. The adjustment of degrees of freedom is a key characteristic parameter in the design of robotics. The greater the degrees of freedom, the greater the flexibility of the stacking robot, the more functional it becomes and the more complex its structure. Usually, it is sufficient to study dedicated stacking robots with 2 to 3 degrees of freedom.
Performance development characteristics of stacking robots
1. compact structure design, few parts, low failure rate, high reliability and easy maintenance.
2. Can be equipped with various grippers such as clamping plates, fingers and suction cups to meet various gripping needs.
3. Various teaching methods, flexible and can meet various stacking requirements on site.
4. Automatic control, reusable programming, all movements operate according to the programmed system.
5. Flexible and multi-functional, depending on the operating tool
6. High reliability, speed and precision.
7. Can be used in harsh environments, can work for long periods of time, easy to operate and maintain.
Stacking manipulators use robotic arms for workgroup gripping as well as handling and placing, and can follow a fixed program for gripping and carrying objects or manipulating tools. It also replaces heavy human labour, mechanises and automates production and is able to operate in complex, hazardous environments to protect personal safety.
According to the actual stacking needs, a reasonable number of configurations are made, ensuring to a greater extent the number of pallets at a time, improving efficiency, reducing labour manpower, reducing human resources and realising a low-cost, high-return automation equipment, which is widely adaptable and can be applied to food, chemical, electronic and other industries, while also ensuring quality and being able to complete a large number of pallets in a short period of time.